Personal Injury: Depression, Chronic Pain, Fibromyalgia and Sleep Disorders

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Personal Injury: Depression, Chronic Pain, Fibromyalgia

If you got involved into an accident and suffering depression, chronic pain, fibromyalgia and sleep disorders, probably you are eligible for financial compensation.

Depression

It is not uncommon that after serious accidents people who got involved and injured suffer depression. Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person’s thoughts, behaviour, feelings and physical well-being. It may include feelings of sadness, anxiety, emptiness, hopelessness, worthlessness, guilt, irritability, or restlessness. Depressed people may lose interest in activities that once were pleasurable, experience difficulty concentrating, remembering details, or making decisions, and may contemplate or attempt suicide. The term “depression” is ambiguous. It may refer to any or all of the mood disorders. Major depressive disorder is a disabling condition which adversely affects a person’s family, work or school life, sleeping and eating habits, and general health. The diagnosis of major depressive disorder is based on the patient’s self-reported experiences, behavior reported by relatives or friends, and a mental status examination. There is no laboratory test for major depression, although physicians generally request tests for physical conditions that may cause similar symptoms. If depressive disorder is not detected in the early stages it may result in a slow recovery and affect or worsen the person’s physical health. The most common time of onset is between the ages of 20 and 30 years, with a later peak between 30 and 40 years.

Chronic Pain

Chronic pain has several different meanings in medicine. Traditionally, the distinction between acute and chronic pain has relied upon an arbitrary interval of time from onset. Acute pain usually lasts less than 30 days, chronic to pain of more than 3-4 months Chronic pain may be divided into: “nociceptive” (caused by activation of nociceptors), and “neuropathic” (caused by damage to or malfunction of the nervous system). Superficial somatic pain is initiated by activation of nociceptors in the skin or superficial tissues. Deep somatic pain is initiated by stimulation of nociceptors in ligaments, tendons, bones, blood vessels, fasciae and muscles, and is dull, aching, poorly-localized pain. Visceral pain originates in the viscera (organs). Visceral pain may be well-localized, but often it is extremely difficult to locate, and several visceral regions produce “referred” pain when injured, where the sensation is located in an area distant from the site of injury. Peripheral neuropathic pain is often described as “burning,” “tingling,” “electrical,” “stabbing,” or “pins and needles.”

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a medical term for chronic widespread pain and a heightened and painful response to pressure. However, pain may also be localized in areas such as the shoulders, neck, low back, hips, or other areas. Fibromyalgia symptoms are not restricted to pain but also include debilitating fatigue, sleep disturbance, and joint stiffness. Fibromyalgia is frequently comorbid with psychiatric conditions such as depression and anxiety and stress-related disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder. The actual cause of fibromyalgia is currently unknown but in majority of cases it follows severe accidents. It is noticed that stress may be an important precipitating factor in the development of fibromyalgia. It is proposed that, because exposure to stressful conditions can alter the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, the development of fibromyalgia may stem from stress-induced disruption of the HPA axis

Sleep Disorders

A sleep disorder is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person. Some sleep disorders resulted an accident are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional life. There is a big difference between insomnia and sleep disorders: insomnia is when a person suffers from difficulty in sleeping with no obvious cause. In addition, sleep disorders may also cause sufferers to sleep excessively, a condition known as hypersomnia.

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Author: AllOntario Team

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