Protecting Freedom of Expression

freedom of people who speak out

Ontario Reintroduces Legislation to Safeguard Public Participation in Debate: Ontario is taking steps to protect the freedom of people who speak out on matters of public interest.

If passed, the Protection of Public Participation Act would give Ontario courts a more effective process for identifying and dealing with strategic lawsuits. The proposed law would minimize the time and resources wasted by plaintiffs, defendants and the courts on meritless claims, while allowing legitimate complaints to proceed in a timely manner.

The ability to freely participate in public discussion about matters of public interest, without fear of retribution, is fundamental to a fair and democratic society.

The reintroduction of the Protection of Public Participation Act is part of Ontario’s strategy to build Better Justice Together, a commitment to work together with partners to make the justice system simpler, faster and less expensive for all Ontarians.

Quick Facts

  • In a strategic lawsuit, commonly known as a SLAPP (Strategic Litigation Against Public Participation), a person or company uses the threat of a lengthy and expensive lawsuit as a way to intimidate an opponent, discouraging others from speaking out.
  • The majority of strategic lawsuits are filed in court as claims of defamation (libel or slander), have little or no merit, and are often dropped before proceeding to trial.
  • The proposed legislation includes a fast-track review process. A request to dismiss the case must be heard by the courts within 60 days.
  • The proposed law is based on extensive stakeholder consultations and the consensus recommendations of an expert advisory panel to provide a faster, more efficient process to address strategic lawsuits and provide greater clarity for the parties involved.


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Author: AllOntario Team is an information resource for Ontario residents and a marketplace for Ontario businesses. It’s all about living and doing business in Ontario. All in one site.