The Citizenship Test

Canadian Citizenship test

citizenship test

If you are preparing for the citizenship test, study the Canada’s Citizen and Immigration (CIC’s) official study guide – Discover Canada – which is provided for FREE. If you use any other publications, you do so at your own risk. The test is usually written, but you may be asked to come to an interview with a citizenship judge. The test evaluates two things: 1) your knowledge of Canada and 2) your language abilities.

Who has to take the citizenship test

You must take the citizenship test if:

  • you are between the ages of 18 and 54, and
  • you meet the basic requirements for citizenship

You may also have to take the test if you are applying to retain your citizenship.


The test is usually written, but you may be asked to come to an interview with a citizenship judge. The test evaluates two things:

  1. your knowledge of Canada and
  2. your language abilities

1. Your knowledge of Canada

You will be asked questions on subjects such as:

  • right to vote and right to run for elected office
  • procedures related to elections
  • rights and responsibilities of a citizen
  • Canadian social and cultural history and symbols
  • Canadian political history (including the political system and institutions)
  • Canadian physical and political geography

2. Your language abilities

The citizenship knowledge test and your interaction with CIC staff will be used to assess if you have an adequate ability to communicate in either English or French. CIC staff will observe

  • your ability to understand basic spoken statements and questions, and
  • your ability to communicate basic information or respond to questions.

For example, as part of your interaction with departmental staff or as part of your written test or your interview with a citizenship judge, you will be expected to:

  • answer simple questions on familiar topics, using short sentences;
  • show that you know enough words for basic everyday communication;
  • tell a simple story about everyday activities;
  • speak about something you did in the past (or will do in the future);
  • give simple everyday instructions and directions; and
  • express satisfaction or dissatisfaction

Getting ready for the test

The questions in the citizenship test are based on the information in our free study guide Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship ( Citizen and Immigration Canada will send you a copy of the study guide once they have received your application for citizenship. Start studying for the test as soon as you receive your copy of the study guide.

Your test date

Citizen and Immigration Canada will send you a notice giving you the time and date for your test. Your test may be written or oral. Citizen and Immigration Canada decide whether your test will be written or oral based on a number of factors. For example, if you have trouble reading and writing in English or French, you will have an oral test. Oral tests are done through an interview with a citizenship judge. When you come for your written or oral test bring the following documents with you:

  • the original documents you submitted with your application, and
  • any passport or travel documents relevant to the four years before your application

After the test

If you pass the test and the citizenship judge determines that you meet all the other requirements for citizenship, you will be invited to a citizenship ceremony. During that ceremony, you will take the oath of citizenship and receive a certificate of Canadian citizenship.

If you do not pass the written test, we will send you a notice telling you to appear for an interview (30‑90 minutes) with a citizenship judge. At that interview, the judge will ask you the test questions orally to give you another opportunity to demonstrate that you meet all the requirements of citizenship (including knowledge and language).


The questions below are similar to the questions that are found on the citizenship test. Use these questions to prepare for your test. The correct answers are followed by an asterisk (*).

What are three responsibilities of citizenship?

  1. Being loyal to Canada, recycling newspapers, serving in the navy, army or air force.
  2. Obeying the law, taking responsibility for oneself and one’s family, serving on a jury.*
  3. Learning both official languages, voting in elections, belonging to a union.
  4. Buying Canadian products, owning your own business, using less water.

What is the meaning of the Remembrance Day poppy?

  1. To remember our Sovereign, Queen Elizabeth II.
  2. To celebrate Confederation.
  3. To honour prime ministers who have died.
  4. To remember the sacrifice of Canadians who have served or died in wars up to the present day.*

How are Members of Parliament chosen?

  1. They are appointed by the United Nations.
  2. They are chosen by the provincial premiers.
  3. They are elected by voters in their local constituency (riding).*
  4. They are elected by landowners and police chiefs.

Other study questions

All the answers can be found in the citizenship study guide Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship (

  • Name two key documents that contain our rights and freedoms.
  • Identify four (4) rights that Canadians enjoy.
  • Name four (4) fundamental freedoms that Canadians enjoy?
  • What is meant by the equality of women and men?
  • What are some examples of taking responsibility for yourself and your family?
  • Who were the founding peoples of Canada?
  • Who are the Métis?
  • What does the word “Inuit” mean?
  • What is meant by the term “responsible government”?
  • Who was Sir Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine?
  • What did the Canadian Pacific Railway symbolize?
  • What does Confederation mean?
  • What is the significance of the discovery of insulin by Sir Frederick Banting and Charles Best?
  • What does it mean to say that Canada is a constitutional monarchy?
  • What are the three branches of government?
  • What is the difference between the role of the Queen and that of the Prime Minister?
  • What is the highest honour that Canadians can receive?
  • When you go to vote on election day, what do you do?
  • Who is entitled to vote in Canadian federal elections?
  • In Canada, are you obliged to tell other people how you voted?
  • After an election, which party forms the government?
  • Who is your Member of Parliament?
  • What are the three levels of government?
  • What is the role of the courts in Canada?
  • In Canada, are you allowed to question the police about their service or conduct?
  • Name two Canadian symbols.
  • What provinces are sometimes referred to as the Atlantic Provinces?
  • What is the capital of the province or territory that you live in?

If you have access to the internet you will find a lot of information about the questions asked in the citizen test, we are providing you with some useful links:

Do not forget these names:

  • The Premier Minister
  • Majority Party
  • Leader of the opposition
  • The opposition party
  • Governor General of Canada
  • The Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario
  • The Premier of Ontario
  • The Party in power provincially
  • The provincial Leader of the Opposition Party in Ontario
  • The provincial Opposition Party in Ontario

Don’t be nervous, be prepared! Good luck!

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